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St Austin's

Catholic Primary School

"In our school, where everyone is special. We will love and serve as Jesus taught"



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We imagined our family was living in Liverpool in 1942. 

We calculated our wartime rations.


A great maths-WW2 lesson.



  1. How much jam would your family have got each week?


  1. How much butter would your family get each week?



  1. How much lard would your family get for four weeks?


  1. If each adult in your family gets 2 oz of sweets and the children get ½ the adult ration work out the sweet ration for your family for a week?




If an adult gets one egg each week. How many eggs will your family get for 4 weeks?



  2. How much cheese will your family have for two weeks?




  1. How much milk will your family have for a week?

In January 1940, the British government introduced food rationing. The scheme was designed to ensure fair shares for all at a time of national shortage.

The Ministry of Food was responsible for overseeing rationing. Every man, woman and child was given a ration book with coupons. These were required before rationed goods could be purchased.

Basic foodstuffs such as sugar, meat, fats, bacon and cheese were directly rationed by an allowance of coupons. Housewives had to register with particular retailers.

A number of other items, such as tinned goods, dried fruit, cereals and biscuits, were rationed using a points system. The number of points allocated changed according to availability and consumer demand. Priority allowances of milk and eggs were given to those most in need, including children and expectant mothers.

As shortages increased, long queues became commonplace. It was common for someone to reach the front of a long queue, only to find out that the item they had been waiting for had just run out.

Not all foods were rationed. Fruit and vegetables were never rationed but were often in short supply, especially tomatoes, onions and fruit shipped from overseas. The government encouraged people to grow vegetables in their own gardens and allotments. Many public parks were also used for this purpose. The scheme became better known as ‘Dig For Victory’.